As Internet usage is proliferating, communications networks are faced with new shortcomings.
Future networks will have to support in 2020 mobile traffic volumes 1000 times larger than today and a spectrum crunch is anticipated. Wireless access rates are today significantly lower than those of fixed access, which prevents the emergence of ubiquitous low cost integrated access continuum with context independent operational characteristics. Communication networks energy consumption is growing rapidly, especially in the radio part of mobile networks. The proliferation of connected devices makes it very difficult to maintain similar performance characteristics over an ever larger portfolio of technologies and requirements (i.e. Ultra High Definition TV vs. M2M, IoT).
Heterogeneity of access technologies entails unsustainable cost with increasing difficulties to integrate an ever larger set of resources with reduced OPEX. Network infrastructure openness is still limited. It prevents the emergence of integrated OTT (cloud)-network integration with predictable end to end performance characteristics, and limits the possibility for networks to become programmable infrastructures for innovation with functionalities exposed to developers’ communities.
These key issues for the competitiveness of the communication industry world-wide are and will be globally researched in the context of future 5G integrated, ubiquitous and ultra-high capacity networks. Some strategic 5G academic research communities from around the world are very active on this issue. The 5G World Alliance (5GWA), launched in March 2015 during the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, aims to promote 5G development across all technologies and address the current worldwide technology fragmentation that exists. In Europe the 5G Infrastructure Public Private Partnership (5G-PPP) is leading the effort, with on-going FP7 funded programmes METIS, iJOIN, MCN, COMBO, CROWD, MOTO, PHYLAWS, and CRS-I and newly launched H2020 initiatives such as Xhaul and METIS-II exploring the technological options available leading to the future generation of “wired” (optical) and “wireless” communications. Major platforms and initiatives promoting 5G technology research in China include the IMT-2020 Promotion Group and the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) 863-5G research programme.
IEEE 5G “Mobile Wireless Internet” Technical SubCommittee
At the end of 2013 the EU-China FIRE project took a strategic step and applied for a place on the IEEE 5G “Mobile Wireless Internet” Technical SubCommittee, a working group aiming to explore and elucidate all facets of the next generation of 5G Mobile Wireless Internet technologies, business and societal gaps and challenges between the current 3G-4G-LTE access-only Internet models and the proper vision of 5G. The objective being to build a set of best practices for the industry deployment in enabling IPv6 on 5G. This application was successful and the 5G subcommittee started work in January 2014. Since then, the EU-China FIRE project had been inviting core European and Chinese experts to join and contribute with best practices in 5G.
The most valuable best practices papers received had been published in the Special Issue of the IEEE Communications Magazine – Communications Standards Supplement, on “Research & Standards: Advanced Cloud & Virtualization Techniques for 5G Networks, released in February 2014. Discover the selected best practice papers in the section below.
ETSI Industry Specification Group (ISG) on IPv6 integration (IP6) raising awareness on the impact of IPv6 on 5G
The EU-China FIRE consortium had applied for as a new ETSI pre-standardization working group to focus on 5G, but resulted in the creation in February 2015 of a broader ISG on IPv6 integration (IP6) including IoT, Cloud Computing, SDN-NFV and 5G.
Since then, the EU-China FIRE project had been inviting interesting EU and China experts to join and contribute with their best practices in 5G, as well as Cloud Computing, IoT or SDN/NFV. For more information on the ETSI “IPv6 integration” Industry Specification Group (IP6 ISG).
5G White Papers & Best Practices Papers
- Status Quo of 5G and Potential for Industry/Academia Partnerships, by Nigel Jefferies (Huawei Technologies Co Ltd) (June 2015)
- 5G Vision and Requirements White Paper, by IMT-2020 (5G) Promotion Group (May 2014)
- 5G White Paper - Rethink Mobile Communications for 2020+, by Future Mobile Communication Forum (November 2014)
- 5G White Paper, by MGMN Alliance (December 2014)
- 5G Wireless Communication Systems: Prospects and Challenges by John Thompson, Xiaohu Ge, Hsiao-Chun Wu, Ralf Irmer, Hong Jiang, Gerhard Fettweis, Siavash Alamouti in IEEE Communications Magazine (February 2014)
- 5G Wireless Backhaul Networks:Challenges and Research Advances by Xiaohu Ge, Hui Cheng, Mohsen Guizani, and Tao Han in IEEE Network (November - December 2014)
- Towards Green and Soft: A 5G perspective, by Xby Chih-Lin I, Corbett Rowell, Shuangfeng Han, Zhikun Xu, Gang Li, and Zhengang Pan (China Mobile Research Institute), in IEEE Communications Magazine (February 2014)
- Five Disruptive Technology Directions for 5G by Federico Boccardi, VodafoneRobert W. Heath Jr. (University of Texas at Austin), Angel Lozano (Universitat Pompeu Fabra), Thomas L. Marzetta (Bell Labs, Alcatel-Lucent), Petar Popovski (Aalborg University), in IEEE Communications Magazine (February 2014)
- Network Densification: The Dominant Theme for Wireless Evolution into 5G by Naga Bhushan, Junyi Li, Durga Malladi, Rob Gilmore, Dean Brenner, Aleksandar Damnjanovic, Ravi TejaSukhavasi, Chirag Patel, and Stefan Geirhofer (Qualcomm Technologies, Incorporated) in IEEE Communications Magazine (February 2014)
- Networks and Devices for the 5G Era by Boyd Bangerter, Shilpa Talwar, Reza Arefi, and Ken Stewart (Intel), in IEEE Communications Magazine (February 2014)
- 5GNOW: Non-Orthogonal,Asynchronous Waveforms for Future Mobile Applications by Gerhard Wunder, Peter Jung, and Martin Kasparick (Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute Berlin), Thorsten Wild, Frank Schaich, Yejian Chen, and Stephan ten Brink (Alcatel-Lucent, Bell-Labs), GermanyIvan Gaspar, Nicola Michailow, Andreas Festag, and Luciano Mendes (Technische Universität), Dresden Nicolas Cassiau, Dimitri Kténas (Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives), Marcin Dryjanski and Slawomir Pietrzyk (IS-Wireless), Bertalan Eged, Peter Vago, and Frank Wiedmann (National Instruments), in IEEE Communications Magazine (February 2014)
- Millimeter-Wave Beamforming as an Enabling Technology for 5G Cellular Communications: Theoretical Feasibility and Prototype Results by Wonil Roh, Ji-Yun Seol, JeongHo Park, Byunghwan Lee, Jaekon Lee, Yungsoo Kim, Jaeweon Cho, and Kyungwhoon Cheun (Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.Farshid Aryanfar, Samsung Research America) in IEEE Communications Magazine (February 2014)
- Applications of Self-Interference Cancellation in 5G and Beyond by Steven Hong, Joel Brand, Jung Il Choi, Mayank Jain, Jeff Mehlman, Kumu Networks, Sachin Katti, and Philip Levis (Kumu Networks and Stanford University) in IEEE Communications Magazine (February 2014)
- Cellular Architecture and Key Technologies for 5G Wireless Communication Networks by Cheng-Xiang Wang (Heriot-Watt University and University of Tabuk), Fourat Haider (Heriot-Watt University), Xiqi Gao and Xiao-Hu You (Southeast University), Yang Yang (Shanghai Tech University), Dongfeng Yuan (Shandong University), Hadi M. Aggoune (University of Tabuk), Harald Haas, (University of Edinburgh), Simon Fletcher (NEC Telecom MODUS Ltd.), Erol Hepsaydir (Hutchison 3G UK) in IEEE Communications Magazine (February 2014)